Types Of Acne

girl with acne face


 

What Are the Types of Acne?

Cases of acne can vary widely in their extent and severity. For instance, you probably know people who only suffer from the occasional spot while others have to make anti-acne medications a part of their regular skin care regimen. The Types of Acne can be told apart pretty easily, and we will discuss them here.

Blackheads and Whiteheads

Blackheads and whiteheads are technically known as comedones, or uninflamed skin lesions, and they are symptoms of the mildest form of acne. They don’t itch, but they can be unsightly! Whiteheads are formed when pores become blocked with oil and dead cells that do not reach the topmost layer of the skin. Blackheads, contrary to popular belief, are not formed when dirt gets into your pores, so do not try to get rid of them by scrubbing! They are made of exactly the same stuff as whiteheads, but they have been exposed to air. The dark color is the result of oxidation.

Pimples

Pimples are perhaps the most well-known of all the Types of Acne. They form when the material blocking a pore is infected with bacteria and becomes inflamed. This often leads to the walls of the infected pore breaking down, which, in turn, allows the bacteria and pus to spread to the surrounding tissues, causing redness, tenderness, and swelling. If the red bumps formed, they are called papules. On the other hand, if they are a bit squishy with white or yellow pus visible at the tip, they are termed as pustules. Both kinds of lesion can be itchy or even painful – and neither of them should ever be popped!

Cysts and Nodules

The most severe of the Types of Acne are cysts and nodules. These large lesions form in the deeper layers of the skin, so they can hurt a lot and are more likely to leave permanent scars than pimples. Nodules are hard lumps beneath the surface of the skin that are formed when the blockage occurs deeper inside the pore, or further from the skin’s surface. Cysts, on the other hand, are rather similar to boils: they are filled with pus, and are thus soft to the touch. While common over the counter medications may work on the other Types of Acne, cysts and nodules nearly always have to be treated by a dermatologist if they are to be effectively removed with the barest minimum of scarring.